(845) 563-3400     124 Grand Street, Newburgh, NY 12550

Smith - Acosta Lesson Plan

Grade Levels



Social Studies


Stone House, habitat, forest, non native plants, native plants, native and non native animal inhabitants,indigenous,introduced species,migration

Forest Locations


paper, pencil, notebook, proper outdoor gear, sample permission slip. Guided reading booklet about invasive species.


Mr Brady takes about 30 minutes for his historical background presentation and tour of the stone house.  The field work demonstration will take approximately 30minutes.

Pre-Forest Activity

Invasive plant and animal species discussion. Small reader will be used.

Forest Activity

Stone house tour, field work looking for animal habitat construction.

Post-Forest Activity


Learning Standards

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

5-LS2-1. Develop a model to describe the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment. [Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on the idea that matter that is not food (air, water, decomposed materials in soil) is changed by plants into matter that is food. Examples of systems could include organisms, ecosystems, and the Earth.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include molecular explanations.]
The performance expectation above was developed using the following elements from the NRC document A Framework for K-12 Science Education:

Science and Engineering Practices

Developing and Using Models

Modeling in 3–5 builds on K–2 models and progresses to building and revising simple models and using models to represent events and design solutions.

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      Connections to the Nature of Science


Science Models, Laws, Mechanisms, and Theories Explain Natural Phenomena

  • Science explanations describe the mechanisms for natural events.

Disciplinary Core Ideas

LS2.A: Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems

LS2.B: Cycles of Matter and Energy Transfer in Ecosystems

Crosscutting Concepts

Systems and System Models

Connections to other DCIs in fifth grade:

5.ESS2.A ; 5.PS1.A

Articulation of DCIs across grade-levels:

2.PS1.A ; 2.LS4.D ; 4.ESS2.E ; MS.LS1.C ; MS.LS2.A ; MS.LS2.B

Common Core State Standards Connections:

ELA/Literacy -
RI.5.7 Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently. (5-LS2-1)
SL.5.5 Include multimedia components (e.g., graphics, sound) and visual displays in presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes. (5-LS2-1)
Mathematics -
MP.2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. (5-LS2-1)
MP.4 Model with mathematics. (5-LS2-1)


Our class will visit the stone house and listen to Mr. Brady’s presentation. We will then take a tour of the stone house, paying attention to construction methods used and making application to forest habitats made by animals in the forest.


Students will 1) identify some native and non native animal habitants of black rock forest. 2) give some examples of effects of introducing plant and  animal species to an area where they were not originally found.


Mr. Brady will provide a tour of the stone house, showing pictures and original documents regarding inhabitants of the old stone house. Vocubulary…..native, non native, indigenous, introduced species, migration.  We will also have original photos of invasive plant species that have made the forest their home.

Safety Concerns